Mesotherapy is a non-surgical treatment technique using needles. Any healthy individual over 18 years old can benefit from this treatment except pregnant-breastfeeding women, insulin-dependent diabetes or cancer patients. It works well for chronic-acute pain such as migraine, menstrual pains, sports injuries, skin-hair problems, vascular diseases or rheumatic diseases. A medicated solution is injected into the middle layer of the skin in the problem area. The content of this solution may vary depending on the case and the area to be treated. There are many types of mesotherapy according to the injection technique of the needle and the area of use. Nowadays, needle-free mesotherapy techniques are used, especially in cosmetic treatment.
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Mesotherapy is a non-surgical treatment technique that involves injecting drug mixtures into the middle layer of the skin, which ensures that the drugs act quickly in small amounts. In 1952, it was developed by a Frenchman, Michel Pistor, to treat vascular and infectious diseases, sports injuries, increase circulation and relieve pain.
Mesotherapy, a treatment technique commonly used in cosmetic dermatology, comes from the Latin words meso (middle) and therapy, and refers to moderate skin therapy.
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Drug mixtures used in mesotherapy are prepared from hyaluronic acid, antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, hormones, enzymes and amino acids. Transferring these substances directly to the skin helps to renew the skin by stimulating the structures such as collagen and elastin, and administering blood circulation, lymphatic circulation and immune response in the concerned area. The more accurate rates are obtained, and the more sessions are performed, the more successful the results will be.
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Traditional mesotherapy helps as a pain reliever in many other acute/chronic pain syndromes such as fibromyalgia, gout, neuralgia, cervicobrachial syndrome, migraine or menstrual pain. It can also be applied to muscle inflammations such as bursitis myositis, sprains, and sports injuries. Salmon calcitonin obtained from salmon is one of the most commonly used drugs in the treatment of painful bone disorders from osteoporosis to cancer.
Mesotherapy helps treat rheumatic diseases, inflammatory and painful fluid build-up in the joints. The problems experienced would be eliminated quickly by injecting the drug mixture prepared for this purpose directly into the concerned area.
Mesotherapy helps treat leg vascular diseases such as varicose veins caused by circulatory disorders. Extracts of plants such as artichoke, ginko biloba, melilotus (donkey clover) are added to the drug mixture.
Mesotherapy uses very fine needles for injecting a series of special solutions to the middle layer of the skin. The main objective is to solve the basic problems such as inflammation and poor blood circulation that cause skin damage. There is no standard solution formula in mesotherapy. Many different vitamins, minerals, plant extracts can be used according to the person’s problem.
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There are 3 different types of mesotherapy depending on injection technique of the needle: point by point, comprehensive and upper skin injections. Mesotherapy is also divided into body, face and hair mesotherapy. In addition, mesotherapy can be divided into needle and needle-free mesotherapy.
It deals with the problems of acne and acne scars, all kinds of birth or aging related skin spots, scars developing on the skin, puberty or birth related cracks, or skin disorders such as shingles. It can also rejuvenate the face and improve skin color.
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The patient’s photographs are taken and simulations are performed on them and the estimated image can be given after cosmetic mesotherapy treatments.
Although mesotherapy’s fat removal procedure is proposed as a non-surgical alternative to liposuction, it is not FDA approved, because there is very limited scientific research on the use of mesotherapy for fat removal.
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Hair mesotherapy is a non-surgical cosmetic hair restoration process, which is used in the treatment of hair problems such as baldness, hair loss, or ringworm. Most hair loss problems originate from nutritional deficiencies, decreased blood circulation in the scalp, hormone imbalances around hair follicles, and loss of androgen DHT; the treatment is based on finding the solution for these problems.
Hair mesotherapy can be a suitable treatment particularly for people with hereditary baldness. It is effective in both men and women.
Needle-free mesotherapy uses high-frequency ultrasound technology in combination with traditional mesotherapy solutions, and offers a pain-free solution to people sensitive to treatment. The ultrasonic device delivers the drug mixture to the skin without the need for a needle. It also allows the cell membranes to be temporarily permeable so that the cell can absorb nutrients from the solution.
It is usually applied in facial rejuvenation, wrinkle reduction, body tightening, moisture balance, or hair treatment. Less side effects are observed, since injection is not used. There are other devices and applications, such as meso peeling, used in needle-free mesotherapy. However, according to research, these are not as successful as needle mesotherapy. Drugs can only be delivered to the middle layer effectively by means of needles. Needle-free mesotherapy should be carefully investigated as an option.
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Side effects do not last long, and may vary from one patient to another. Since some people may have allergic reactions to some drugs used in mesotherapy, an allergy test should be performed 24 hours before treatment.
Mesotherapy costs may vary depending on the type of treatment, the number of sessions, the condition of the patient, the doctor’s expertise, the hospital or clinical conditions, and the location. Cosmetic mesotherapy prices are always higher.
Mesotherapy should be performed in a reputable clinic by a licensed dermatologist specialized in mesotherapy. Some specialist nurses may also apply this treatment. Clinics without a license applying this treatment should be avoided.
Resources and References:1- Mesotherapy and Injection Lipolysis2- Mesotherapy certification
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