Nasal concha is a tissue that filters and moisturizes inhaled air. Nasal Concha Growth may cause health problems if it swells and grows due to allergies, infections and nasal bone curvature. Some of its symptoms are nasal obstruction and breathing difficulty. It can be temporary or permanent. In temporary cases, medication is usually administered. In permanent cases, nasal concha can be reduced by radiofrequency or laser surgery. If nasal concha is very large, some part of it can be removed with conventional surgery method. This is longer than other methods. It can lead to more severe side effects such as pain and bleeding. If the instructions of the doctor are followed, the success rate increases.
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Nasal concha is filled with a network of blood vessels filtering, heating, moisturizing the inhaled air and directing it to the lungs. These structures, also called turbinates, are on nasal cavity walls. There are three pairs of turbinates being the inferior, middle, and superior, leading to 6 in total.
When one of conchae is filled with blood and swollen due to factors such as allergens, it becomes difficult to breathe. This health problem usually, occurs in inferior and middle concha. Nasal Concha Growth or Enlarged inferior turbinate is mostly seen in adults. (1)
When the veins in nasal concha are filled with blood, it leads to swelling or growth of the nose. Nasal concha swelling can be acute or chronic.
Many people with chronic concha swelling have a history of allergic rhinitis (hay fever) in their family, especially in the spring.
Nasal concha swelling causes a permanent common cold effect. However, if it is mild, it usually does not cause any discomfort.
The treatment process depends on the cause of swelling of nasal flesh and the discomfort it causes to person. Acute concha swelling is usually treated with medication. Your doctor may make recommendations to eliminate conditions that can cause swelling of nasal flesh.
However, in case of a chronic condition, one of surgical techniques can be decided by removing a portion of the nasal flesh or shrinking it with heat.
These methods are performed in at least two visits to reduce the size of nasal concha without removing bone or tissue. A special needle-like instrument is used during the surgery. Nasal conchae are heated and reduced in size.
This surgery takes at least 10 minutes and is performed under local anesthesia. Local anesthesia is administered into the nasal tissues using a needle. Patients have an outpatient treatment and can return to routine work after a day.
Side effects are minimal. Crusting or nasal dryness can be experienced for about 3 weeks. During this period, nasal wash with saltwater and using antibiotic ointment can help control the side effects. After three weeks, the injured tissue fully recovers. (2)
It is a method generally used in severe nasal concha swelling. Under general anesthesia, a part of bone underneath the nasal concha is removed to reduce the size of it. Moreover, a hand-held instrument can be used to open the nasal cavity more by abrading some of the tissues around the nasal concha. The process usually takes 20 or 40 minutes.
Along with this surgical intervention, septoplasty (correction of the curvature of the nose) surgery can also be perform. In this case, the surgery may take 2 hours. In septoplasty, the nasal cavity is cut to correct the septum. Following the surgery, a tampon is placed in the nasal cavities. The tampon is usually removed after 3 days. You may need to stay in the hospital for 2 or 3 days.
Side effects are pain, bleeding, swelling, irritation, dryness of the nose, and infection. In addition, a further surgery may be required as the growth of the concha may be repeated after the surgery. Recovery period is 3 or 6 months. (3)
Some simple methods can be applied at home to prevent acute nasal concha problems, especially caused by allergic reasons. These are as follows: