Stress is one of the wearing issues that we need to cope up with most of the time in our lives. It is not an illness; however, it can be as detrimental as an illness or may pave way to many illnesses. However, it is not always bad and detrimental. The stress which does not become chronic and uncontrollable may help you be more aware of and better focus on things around you. In some situations, it may energize you or help you be more successful. However, if you lose the control of your life as a result of this stress, your job, home life, health or relationships may see great harm. That’s why stress is an issue which should not be ignored but managed.
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Stress is a nerve-shredding process which occurs as a result of a person not being physically and emotionally cope with a perceived threat, and usually affects their daily life negatively. When you feel that you are under threat, your nervous system secretes a stress hormone which alerts your body, and as a result, your blood pressure rises, your heart beats faster, your muscles contract and your senses sharpen.
That way, your physical strength and endurance are boosted, and you can focus on the problem and react faster. Therefore, you can avoid from dangers. This is a positive thing. However, if you are reacting like you are in a life-threatening situation to the daily problems such as traffic jam or bills, it means that you are suffering from an acute or chronic stress problem.
And this is a serious problem, and leads to negative emotions such as insecurity, anger and depression. As a result, you may experience very serious health problems.
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It is the most common type and caused by current events and pressure such as exams, losing an important document, traffic accident or concert stress. While it can be exciting and support success when experienced in small doses, it can be consuming and damaging when it is too much. It is transient.
Some people experience acute stress all the time. These people are always stressed and agitated. They cannot keep up with the deadlines, however, they shoulder a lot of responsibility and they put their feet to the fire, they experience a lot of misfortune. They tend to be angry, worried, impolite and rude. Therefore, their relationships with other people always worsen. They are inclined to develop heart diseases.
It is the type of stress caused by permanent problems which cannot be solved or are hard to be solved such as family problems, poverty, ethnic problems or being unhappy at work. It is extremely wearing and makes the person miserable. It may also be caused by a childhood trauma, or experiences which cannot be blocked out or deeply affect the personality.
As a result, the person’s world-view is affected negatively and they think they are under a threat all the time. This causes a great amount of stress. Professional help might be necessary.
The most dangerous part of chronic stress is getting used to eat. As a result, the problem is ignored, and if left untreated, it may lead to serious problems such as suicide, heart attack, paralysis, or even cancer.
The treatment of stress is greatly based on the sources of it and the severity of your symptoms. The treatment may vary from simple relaxing sessions to hospitalization. After the cause of your stress is properly determined by a physician and the medical causes of your symptoms are eliminated, you can start treatment by using the following methods:
Sometimes, it might be impossible to deal with it. Bills, busy work schedule, work and family responsibilities always continue. However, your life is actually under your control more than you think. In fact, the simple truth is that you can manage your stress to the extent that you control your life.
Management includes everything; your life-style, thoughts, emotions and coping skills. Not matter how stressful your life is, there are always steps you can take to take the heat of yourself and regain the control.
What caused your stress? (If you are not sure, take a guess)
What did you feel physically and emotionally?
How did you react? What did you do to feel better?
While stress is an automatic response coming from your nervous system, some stress factors can be anticipated. These include commuting, meeting with your boss or family meetings. For these foreseeable stress factors, you can change the situation or your reaction to that situation. When deciding for an option in any scenario, it would be helpful to consider the 4 commands: prevent, change, adapt or accept.
PREVENT the unnecessary stress: It is not healthy to prevent a problem that should be addressed, however, there are many stress factors in your life which you can eliminate. First of all, learn to say “No”. Know your limits and do not take more responsibility than you can handle in your personal or work-life.
Avoid the people who are making you stressed, Control the things around you which makes you worried, Make your to-do list fair or completely remove it.
CHANGE the situation: If you cannot prevent a stressful situation, try to change it. You can do this by changing your communication methods and work style in your daily life.
ADAPT TO stress: If you cannot change the stress factors, change yourself. You can adapt to the stressful situations, and regain control of your life by changing your expectations and attitude.
ACCEPT the things you cannot change: Some sources of stress are unavoidable. You cannot prevent or change the stress factors such as losing a loved one, a serious illness or a national problem. In such situations, the best way to deal with the stress is accepting the situation as it is. Accepting might be difficult, however, in the long run, it is easier than to be afraid of something you cannot change.
Stress test provides information about how the heart functions under physical stress. An exercise is done to see how the heart functions during stress test. This exercise is usually walking on a treadmill or spinning. The test is performed during exercise. Physicians usually implement this test as it helps diagnosis coronary cardiac diseases (CCD).
The same test can also be used for coronary artery disease (CAD). CAD is a disease seen in arteries caused by a substance called plaque. These arteries serve to provide oxygen-rich blood to heart. The plaque in this disease narrows the arteries and reduces the blood flow going to heart muscles.
Plaque accumulation increases the risk of blood clot formation in arteries. And this may lead to chest pain and even to heart attack. When the heart is at resting, this disease may not be symptomatic. However, when exercising, CCD and CAD may be diagnosed.
– Abnormal changes in heart beat or blood pressure,
– Symptoms of breathing difficulty or chest pain during mild breathing exercises,
– Abnormal changes in heart rhythm may be observed.
Resources and References:1- 5 Things You Should Know About Stress2- Stress3- Psychological stress
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