Cetirizine is a drug used in the treatment of allergic reactions and chronic hives of unknown origin, affecting, especially the upper respiratory tract. It helps relieve symptoms of allergic rhinitis such as runny nose, sneezing, watery eye and itching, and symptoms of hives such as skin redness and itching. It is available in syrup and tablet forms. It is not suitable for prolonged usage. Tiredness, headache, dry mouth, and nausea are the most common side effects. It may be inconvenient to take with alcohol or sedatives. Dose should be adjusted carefully especially when administered to children.
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What is Cetirizine?
Cetirizine is a prescription drug used in the treatments of allergic rhinitis, chronic hives of unkown origin, and itching. The active ingredient is cetirizine dihydrochloride. It is available in syrup and tablet forms. Syrup form is suitable for use in adults and children aged ≥2 years. Tablet form cannot be administered to children below 6 years old. (1)
What is Cetirizine used for?
Cetirizine is used in the treatments of symptoms of allergic rhinitis (hay fever) and chronic idiopatic urticaria (hives of unkown origin). (2) Main symptoms treated with medicine are:
If you take the medicine at higher dose level than prescriped, you may experience side effects such as confusion, restlessness, lethargy, diarrhea, arrhythmia, and dyspnea. In such cases, try to vomit (make your child vomit if s/he takes it) and apply to the closest healthcare provider.
What should be considered while taking Cetirizine?
If you need an allergy test, be sure to inform your doctor. You may need to discontinue the medication a few days before a test, as the medicine may affect test results.
The medicine may negatively affect your reflexes. Avoid driving or using machines, especially if you take an antidepressant or a sedative concurrently with the medicine.
Do not drink alcohol with the medicine.
The medicine contains sodium acetate. Consider this if you are on a controlled sodium diet.
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