An antibody, also known as immunoglobulin, is a Y-shaped protein which fights foreign substances as a part of the immune system.
Creatinine is a natural waste product formed in the body with daily muscle activities. It is filtered by the kidneys and excreted via urine.
Ultrasound is a medical imaging technique to examine the body and the organs. It is very common in diagnosis, treatments and biopsies.
Computed Tomography (CT) scan is a medical imaging technique using X-rays and a computer to give us detailed images of the internal parts of the body.
A Pap smear (Smear test or Pap test) helps prevent cervical cancer in women by detecting cellular changes in the cervix that may be caused by HPV.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) creates cross-sectional images of organs and tissues in the body using magnetic field and computer generated radio waves.
Mammography is an imaging method using low-energy X-rays, particularly for imaging breast tissue. It’s very important for early detection of breast cancer.
Complete blood count (hemogram) is an easy, practical and reliable test to diagnose many diseases such as infection, leukemia (blood cancer) and anemia.
ECG, or electrocardiogram, is the process of recording and analyzing electrical activity produced by heart cells that enables the heart to function.
Down syndrome is a genetic difference that occurs as a result of extra chromosome replication in one of the chromosome pairs.
Angiography is an examination of blood vessels under X-rays using a kind of medical dye. It is performed by physicians in the angio laboratories.
Pathology detects changes occurred in tissues and cells by using special methods. A pathologist evaluates the samples taken for diagnosis and writes reports indicating the diagnosis.