Oxytocin is a natural hormone and especially important for women. The deficiency affects women both physiologically and psychologically. It has an important role in the formation of maternal instinct, breastfeeding, selective social bonding and sexual pleasure. In addition, love, loyalty, and happiness are the main sources of positive emotions. This hormone can be enhanced by a healthy diet, yoga, meditation, listening to music, and aromatherapy. It can also be used as a supplement medication with the advice of a doctor. Recent studies have shown that this valuable hormone is promising in the treatment of many psychological disorders, especially autism.
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Oxytocin is produced by the hypothalamus and secreted by the pituitary gland to influence behavior and physiology. It is also referred to as love or adherence hormone, as it has an important role in bonding and social behavior of couples and mothers and infants. It is generally known as femininity or birth hormone, but it also undertakes some tasks in men, even if it is not as effective as women.
This hormone, which has a very important role in women, is naturally secreted in the body to facilitate fertilization during the sexual intercourse, the act of giving birth by pregnant women, and the process of breastfeeding.
The production of oxytocin is controlled by a positive feedback mechanism. This mechanism allows the release of oxytocin when a trigger occurs. The hormone then causes a movement in the body such as milk or birth contractions, which indicate more oxytocin production. The feedback cycle continues until the activities such as birth or breastfeeding are completed.
Oxytocin has a significant effect on establishing monogamous relationships. It is thought to increase the rate of romantic attraction and attachment, especially in men, to help support loyalty. Apart from the psychological reasons, low levels of this hormone are assumed to be an important factor in men who have attachment problems.
This hormone allows men to have sexual interest in women. The male facilitates erection capacity, provides excitement and is secreted too much during orgasm.
While having sexual intercourse, some neural stimuli in the woman’s genitals reach hypothalamus and the hypothalamus sends oxytocin to the uterus of the woman. Thus, the uterus begins to contract in a rhythmical manner and draws the sperm into the uterus as a vacuum. Since birth canal is acidic, sperms die here in a short time.
However, the inside of the uterus is alcoholic, so the sperm can live here longer and the possibility of fertilizing the ovum increases.
Oxytocin hormone is a hormone that affects female mental health in general. Therefore, it contributes to the more positive mood of women in pregnancy. The level of oxytocin increases during pregnancy and helps the expectant mother to be calm, relaxed, and tends to sleep.
Oxytocin hormone provides a strong contraction in the uterus of the pregnant woman during delivery. When birth begins, a neural message occurs while the baby’s head stretching the cervix and this message reaches hypothalamus. With this message, hypothalamus produces oxytocin and increases the strength of contractions.
Thus, there is a sufficient expansion of the birth canal and cervix that allows normal delivery to occur. The smooth birth of the baby depends on this expansion. In addition, this hormone protects women against postpartum hemorrhage.
In cesarean deliveries, the secretion of this hormone has no effect on the delivery process. In addition, cesarean deliveries cause psychological disturbances such as postpartum depression in women while it is easier in women who give birth normally.
After the baby is born, the oxytocin hormone promotes breastfeeding by moving milk to the breast. When the baby begins to suck on the breast, the hormone helps baby to be fed by providing the milk production. At the same time oxytocin is secreted into the brain to stimulate the production of more oxytocin. When the baby is finished feeding, the hormone production stops.
It can increase confidence and generosity and reduce the fear of social treason in people, especially when used as a supplementary medicine. The explanation of emotional events is an indicator of trust in people. People who use oxytocin, share details and stories more emotionally while describing a negative event.
It also increases the ability of empathy in healthy men. Some researchers argue that oxytocin has a general healing effect on all social feelings, such as jealousy.
Neurologists have found that stressful or fearful conditions or events induce oxytocin and cause oxytocin release in both the central nervous system and the bloodstream, which reduces stress and anxiety. This hormone is thought to play a role in regulating the stress response by lowering the levels of cortisol causing stress.
Oxytocin hormone, taken from outside as a drug, can increase the memory of social information while reducing bad memories. For example, men who are given oxytocin have a strong memory of recognizing faces.
The natural oxytocin hormone has less function in men. It plays a role in the movement of sperm and is thought to affect testosterone production in testes. In addition, according to the studies, men are using the oxytocin hormone as a supplement can be more balanced in social relations and general mental health.
Oxytocin deficiency has very important negative effects especially in women. It may complicate normal birth and prevent milk production reflex and make breastfeeding difficult. Low oxytocin levels may cause depression. In males, it can cause problems such as reproduction, attachment and loyalty.
Oxytocin levels may be high in males in some cases and causing to benign prostate enlargement, resulting with urinary complaints.
These symptoms can be experienced more intensively especially in women. Symptoms may be a sign of other conditions, so you should not hesitate to take a hormone test.
According to the researches, the oxytocin system disorders were found in almost all psychiatric disorders. The results of these studies have led to experiments in which oxytocin has a healing effect on these disorders and promising results have been observed.
Evidence of efficacy of oxytocin alone or in combination with other therapies may pioneer in the treatment of disorders such as autism, substance abuse, personality disorders, anorexia nervosa in which existing pharmacological therapies are insufficient.
When oxytocin deficiency is detected, drug therapy is used to increase the level to normal levels. Oxytocin drugs are used in tablet, spray and ampoule forms.
Do not start, stop or change the dose of any medication without consulting your doctor.
If you experience any of these serious side effects, you should seek immediate medical attention.
The above is not a complete list of side effects of oxytocin uptake. If oxytocin is used for any reason, detailed information from the doctor should be obtained. In addition, the doctor should be told if all medical conditions, especially the drugs used and an allergic body is involved.
You should inform your doctor if you have the following conditions or conditions:
Tell all healthcare professionals (including nurses, dentists and pharmacists) that you have received oxytocin. The fatal side effects and complications such as too much water in the body, high blood pressure, cerebral hemorrhage, uterine rupture, and for many reasons unborn baby deaths were occurred due to oxytocin intake.
Dreaming, making favor, feeding a pet, taking a warm shower, a delicious meal, art therapy and aromatherapy are ways to help increase the release of oxytocin.