Disinfectants are an effective sanitary materials used to protect against microorganisms as viruses and bacteria. Their importance have increased due to coronavirus pandemic. However, disinfectants are toxic and harmful to all living things. They may cause serious harm to human health. There are many types of disinfectants and they are formulated and produced according to the areas of use. Some are produced particularly for hospitals, while some others are produced for basic household cleaning. Therefore, disinfectants should be accordingly. For example, bleach used at home is very effective for the coronavirus. In this article, you can find information about use of disinfectants and how to produce at home.
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Disinfectants are antimicrobial chemicals produced to clean and eliminate viruses and microorganisms on the surfaces. Unlike sterilization, disinfection does not eliminate all microorganisms. It is not very effective for resistant bacteria. A proper disinfectant should not cause harm to people, but provide complete hygiene, be inexpensive, and should not corrode the surface applied. However, disinfectants are harmful and even poisonous to living things.
Disinfectants serve to both clean the surface and eliminate infectious microorganisms (bacteria, virus, fungus, mold or rust) on the surface. The “active ingredient” in their formula and other ingredients added, depending on the purpose, demolishes the cell wall of microrganisms or affect their metabolism.
We are surrounded by various microorganisms, and most of them are harmless to humanbeings. But microorganisms called pathogens causing disease can be dangerous and sometimes fatal. Thus, disinfectants are often used in hospitals, dental clinics, kitchens and bathrooms. Appropriate products are very important to prevent the spread of cold, flu and other diseases.
For example, disinfectants for hospitals should be used regularly to maintain hygiene of surfaces and medical devices. It is especially necessary for the surfaces which people touch frequently (light switches, telephone, TV remote control, bed edges, nightstand, etc.).
Disinfectants are also widely used for household cleaning. It is not necessary on the general surfaces of house, but kitchen worktops, sinks, bathtubs and counters used to cut meat may sometimes need to be cleaned with disinfectants.
Experts have repeatedly stated that washing hands properly and frequently is the most effective way to protect yourself against coronavirus. Moreover, proper use of disinfectants together with washing hands is critical to protect and hinder the spread of the disease.
Bleach is the most effective disinfectant in protection against the coronavirus. However, there are some rules to consider not to do harm to oneself while using it:
Other than bleach, safer cleaning products like white vinegar or soda can also be used. However, it is not well known how effective they are against the coronavirus. Furthermore, disinfectants such as alcohol or hydrogen peroxide can be extremely effective when diluted appropriately.
Dilute 1/3 glass of bleach with 3.5 liters water or 4 teaspoons with 1 liter water.
The amount of alcohol in the disinfectant mixture for it to be effective is at least 60% of the mixture. However, you may aim at an amount of 75% alcohol for proctection against the coronavirus. Using vodka or whisky is not sufficient to provide it. You should us isopropyl containing 99% alcohol.
Preparation: Consider the proportion of the gel as 3 unit isoprpyl alcohol to 1 unit aloe vera gel. For example, mix 1 tea cup of aloe vera into 3 tea cups of alcohol. Add 2 drops of tea tree or levander oil for fragrance.
All chemical disinfectants are, by nature, potentially harmful or toxic to living organisms. Some are even flammable and explosive. They can react violently with different chemicals and become poisonous. Therefore, the correct use of disinfectants is extremely important.
It is important not to use strong disinfectants for household cleaning only if we are not talking about disinfecting any hospital or healthcare institution. Harm of some common disinfectants to human health can be listed as follows:
Toxic and carcinogenic. Harm:
Toxic and also carcinogenic when inhaled. Harm:
As these products cannot be washed out of the hands completely and continue to eliminate bacteria, some of residual bacteria become immune. Therefore, they continue to proliferate. There is no information about that antibacterial soaps are more effective than water and usual soap.
Experts recommend the use of alcohol-based hand sanitizers only when there is no access to water and soap though there are no serious side effects or harm.
It is irritating when contacted with the skin. When it is mixed with other chemicals, it is poisonous and may cause serious respiratory problems.